Designated in 1989. The Alta Toquima Wilderness was named after the ancient Native American Village that was discovered in 1978.
The Alta Toquima Wilderness centers around the peaks of Table Mountain and Mount Jefferson, the highest peaks in the Toquima Range and Nye County proper. This unit is best known for its steep and sharply cut canyons that dominate the southern section of the range. On a clear day, hikers can stand on any of the unit's many ridgelines and see for hundreds of miles. This very rocky country provides excellent habitat for the range's many herds of Desert Bighorn Sheep. The Alta Toquima Wilderness ranges from gentle sagebrush plain at its lower elevations, turning to typical, but very thick pinion-juniper woodland in its lower canyons. Climbing to higher elevations reveals nice stands of limber pine, but only a few patches of aspen. Unlike many central Nevada units, Alta is a relatively dry wilderness. Pine Creek is the unit's only perennial water source and generally serves as the typical trailhead into the wilderness from the east.